Thursday, August 20, 2009

Client preferences by Caribbean cleaning gobies: food, safety or something else

Predation risk is amongst the most pervasive selective pressures influencing behaviour and animals have been repeatedly shown to trade-off foraging success for safety. We examined the nature of this trade-off in cleaning symbioses amongst Caribbean coral reef fishes. We predicted that cleaning gobies (Elacatinus evelynae and Elacatinus prochilos) should prefer fish clients that pose a low risk of predation (e.g. herbivores) over clients that may have more ectoparasites but pose a higher risk (e.g. piscivores). Our field observations revealed that cleaners did clean preferentially client species with more parasites but predatory and non-predatory clients had similar ectoparasite loads. Despite the lack of a foraging advantage for inspecting predators, cleaners did not avoid risky clients. On the contrary, a larger proportion of visiting predators than non-predators was inspected, gobies initiated more interactions with predatory clients, and predators were attended to immediately upon arrival at cleaning stations. This preferential treatment of dangerous clients may allow the rapid identification of cleaners as non-prey item or may be due to the effect of predators on the rest of the cleaners' clientele, which avoided cleaning stations whilst predators were present. Dealing with potentially risky clients may allow gobies to regain access to their main food source: non-predatory clients.

Author Affiliation:

(1) School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, UK

(2) Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, Canada

Article History:

Registration Date: 04/12/2006

Received Date: 16/05/2006

Accepted Date: 03/12/2006

Online Date: 25/01/2007

Article note:

Communicated by C. Gabor

Source Citation:Soares, Marta C., Sonia C. Cardoso, and Isabelle M. Cote. "Client preferences by Caribbean cleaning gobies: food, safety or something else?(Author abstract)." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 61.7 (May 2007): 1015(8). Academic OneFile. Gale. BROWARD COUNTY LIBRARY. 20 Aug. 2009
Gale Document Number:A161645449

Disclaimer:This information is not a tool for self-diagnosis or a substitute for professional care.

get the best of the best

Personalized MY M&M'S® Candies


Free Diet Profile 468x60

(Album / Profile)

Shop the Official Coca-Cola Store!

No comments: